The UK has as much offshore wind capacity as the rest of the world combined, with 568 installed turbines totalling 1,858MW off the coast of the country.
Based on the current pipeline of projects – seven wind farms are under construction and six are awaiting planning consent – the UK’s sector lead is likely to continue until the end of the decade, according to Global Offshore Wind 2012, a report by Renewable UK.
Here we list the country’s largest offshore wind farms in operation and under construction.
The London Array, under construction in the outer Thames Estruary, 15km off the coast of Kent, will be the largest offshore wind farm in the UK and indeed the world once complete. The project, which commenced construction in July 2009, will consist of 341 turbines covering an area of 245km. The whole development is expected to cost around £3bn and is being built by London Array Limited, a consortium consisting of Masdar, E.ON and DONG Energy. The farm is being constructed in phases, the first of which is expected to become operational in Q4 2012 and will generate 630MW. The second stage will add enough capacity to generate 1,000MW for 750,000 homes.